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Genocide Camps Around the World: From Rwanda to Bosnia

Genocide Camps Around the World

Genocide is one of the most heinous crimes known to humanity. In this article, we are going to explore the genocide camps around the world. The sites of these atrocities are often chilling reminders of the dark side of humanity. If you’re interested in learning about genocide and the horrific acts that have taken place throughout history, consider visiting some of these infamous genocide camps around the world.

Yes, it’s a unique form of tourism called Dark Tourism, but it allows us to learn about all aspects of history, not just the happy-go-lucky parts.  Each tells its own story of heartache and loss and offers a unique perspective on genocide. So, if you’re looking for a travel experience that is based on reality and offers perspective and an opening of your mind, read on.

Top 5 Genocide Camps Around the World

Auschwitz Concentration Camp

If you’re interested in learning about genocide, Auschwitz should be at the top of your list. It was the largest of the Nazi concentration camps, with over a million inmates. Birkenau, one of its sub-camps, was the largest, with over 200,000 inmates at its peak.

What makes Auschwitz so important is that it was the first camp to be liberated by the Allies, and it was one of the first to be opened as a museum. The camp itself is massive and impressive, but by knowing what happened and feeling of the camp and its surroundings, you’ll be able to form your own impressions of such a dark history.  

Details on Auschwitz

  • Auschwitz is situated near the town of Oswiecim in Poland. It was strategically located in occupied Poland for its access to the railway network.
  • The first Auschwitz camp, known as Auschwitz I, was established in 1940 to house Polish political prisoners. Auschwitz II, or Birkenau, was constructed in 1941, mainly as an extermination camp.
  • The entrance to Auschwitz featured an iron gate with the chilling inscription “Arbeit Macht Frei,” which translates to “Work Sets You Free.” It was a cruel deception, as most prisoners faced forced labor, brutality, and death.
  • Auschwitz-Birkenau was responsible for the mass extermination of around 1.1 million people, the majority of whom were Jews. It also housed and killed Romani people, Poles, Soviet prisoners of war, and others deemed undesirable by the Nazis.
  • Auschwitz II (Birkenau) had gas chambers and crematoria where victims were systematically killed using Zyklon B gas. Bodies were then incinerated to destroy evidence of the crimes.
  • Only a small number of people interned in Auschwitz survived. They endured horrendous conditions, medical experiments, and inhumane treatment. Among the survivors, Primo Levi and Elie Wiesel went on to become renowned Holocaust authors.
  • Today, Auschwitz serves as a museum and memorial to the victims of the Holocaust. Visitors can tour the preserved camp facilities, including barracks, gas chambers, and crematoria, to gain a harrowing insight into the atrocities committed there.

Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre

When it comes to genocide, most people think of Auschwitz or the Holocaust. But what about the genocide camps of Rwanda? Kigali was the site of the Rwandan genocide, during which an estimated 800,000 people were killed. A visit to the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre is a deeply disturbing experience, as the city itself is beautiful, with lush green hills and lovely colonial-era buildings.

I am always amazed at how something so horrible can occur in areas of such beauty. Providing your respects to those who experienced a life of pain and torture can provide you with a gratitude you weren’t aware you had in you, especially in genocide camps around the world.

Details on The Kigali Memorial Centre

  • The memorial was officially opened to the public in April 2004, marking the 10th anniversary of the Rwandan Genocide. It was established to honor the memory of the victims and to educate the world about the horrific events that transpired in 1994.
  • The center serves as an educational facility, providing insights into the causes, consequences, and global responses to the genocide. It aims to raise awareness and promote understanding.
  • An important aspect of the memorial’s mission is to advocate for the prevention of future genocides and mass atrocities worldwide.
  • The memorial features a permanent exhibition that includes photographs, personal testimonies, and artifacts related to the genocide. It offers a comprehensive and harrowing account of the events leading up to and during the genocide.
  • There is a dedicated children’s room that shares the stories of child victims of the genocide, emphasizing the need to protect future generations from such atrocities.
  • Surrounding the center, there are gardens with mass graves that hold the remains of some of the victims. These provide a somber and respectful place for visitors to pay their respects.

Genocide Camps

Srebrenica Genocide Memorial

Srebrenica is a memorial to the 8,000 Muslim men and boys killed during the Bosnian War. It’s considered to be one of the worst massacres in Europe since World War II. Today, Srebrenica is a memorial to those who were killed, with a cemetery holding the graves of more than 6,000 victims and a museum that tells the story of what happened. 

So many of the war-torn areas are skimmed over, but to really be able to see the area and ponder life, learn of a history that isn’t popular, can provide you with an entirely new perspective.

Check out: 9 Reasons to Visit Mongolia: A Once-in-A-Lifetime Destination

Details on The Srebrenica Genocide Memorial

  • The Srebrenica Genocide Memorial was officially established to honor the memory of the victims of the Srebrenica genocide, which occurred in July 1995 during the Bosnian War.
  • The center serves as an educational facility, providing information and insights into the events leading up to the genocide, the genocide itself, and its aftermath. It aims to raise awareness about the consequences of ethnic and religious hatred.
  • The memorial also advocates for justice, truth, and reconciliation. It calls for accountability for those responsible for the genocide and works to ensure that such atrocities are not forgotten.
  • The memorial features a permanent exhibition with photographs, documents, personal testimonies, and artifacts related to the Srebrenica genocide. It offers a comprehensive account of the events, the lives of the victims, and the international response.
  • The Memorial Wall displays the names of the victims and serves as a powerful testament to the scale of the tragedy.
  • The Srebrenica Genocide Memorial hosts an annual commemoration on July 11th, the anniversary of the genocide. The commemoration includes memorial services, speeches, and various events to remember the victims and promote reconciliation.

Pol Pot Genocide

The Khmer Rouge regime was responsible for the deaths of millions of people in the late 1970s. The S-21 prison was one of the most notorious extermination camps of the Khmer Rouge, with at least 14,000 people killed. Visiting these camps is a sobering experience, but it is important to remember these atrocities.  Can you imagine a world where we didn’t think about the violence and hate that came before us?  The probability it would happen over and over again would grow exponentially.

Ottoman Empire Genocide

The Ottoman Empire ruled over Southeast Europe, North Africa, and parts of the Middle East for centuries. As you might expect, the Ottoman Empire was responsible for some of the worst genocide camps in history. Learning how religion has impacted our history is vital to finding ways to prevent atrocities in the future. We have to become more accepting of our fellow man, or our population will continue to exterminate itself.


I can’t say enough about taking the time to take in and pay your respects to one of the many Dark Tourist sites that were known for genocide.  While it’s not a popular or a “fun” thing to do, it does open your eyes to an entirely new world; and isn’t that what travel is all about?  You learn the good and the bad, and you form your own opinions.

You learn how to think for yourself and develop an understanding of humankind.  If you choose to go through life oblivious, then certainly, choose a beach and a bucket of beers, but if you choose to experience the world and cultures, you should take in the good and the bad.  You’ll be amazed by how much you grow in just one visit.  But no matter where you decide to travel to, dark tourist sites or not, always remember to Travel Till You Drop! 


About Jill

Hi, Jill Here

Hi! I’m Jill, a Dallas, Texas girl traveling the world. After a career in the Air Force and touring over 50 countries later, my need to explore keeps going! It’s time to rock & roll and find all those places I never knew I was missing.

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